Maturation:  Arnold Gesell   (1881 - 1961)  Growth and Development occur in orderly stages and sequence.  The individual genetic timetable affects rate of maturation.  

Psychodynamic: Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939)  Behavior is controlled by unconscious urges.  Three components of the mind are id, ego, and super ego.  

Psycho-social: Jean Piaget (1896 - 1980) Personality develops in 8 stages through a lifetime.  Development is influenced through interactions with family, friends and culture.  

Psycho-social Lev Vgotsky: (1896 - 1934) Personality develops in 8 stages through a lifetime.  Development is influenced through interactions with family, friends and culture.  

Cognitive Erik Erikson: (1902 - 1994) Qualitative changes in the way children think.  The child is considered an active learner going through stages.  

Behaviorist John Watson (1878 - 1958) Learning is gradual and continuous.  Development is a sequence of specific conditional behaviors.  Main emphasis is on the environment and not heridity.  Observable behaviors are considered to be the most important.  

Behaviorist BF SKinner (1904 - 1990) Learning is gradual and continuous.  Development is a sequence of specific conditional behaviors.  Main emphasis is on the environment and not heridity.  Observable behaviors are considered to be the most important.  

Behaviorist Albert Bandura (1925 -   Learning is gradual and continuous.  Development is a sequence of specific conditional behaviors.  Main emphasis is on the environment and not heridity.  Observable behaviors are considered to be the most important.  

Ecological Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917 - 2005) Balance between nature and nurture.  Child is placed in the middle of concentric factors which all influence the child.  Emphasis is placed on environment and heredity.  

Information Processing Theory Noam Chomsky (1928 -  We all have innate leaning ability.  Children are born with specialized information processing abilities that enable them to figure out structures of development.  

 

Pyramid of Learning

 Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Learning Styles

 Executive Functioning